Q&A: What is the difference between all the different types of coffee?

Question by Mary: What is the difference between all the different types of coffee?
I’m thinking bout getting a job at a coffee/cafe shop but I don’t drink coffee/tea so I don’t know the difference between all the different types. Can anyone give me a rundown?

Also, I’m a dummy in the kitchen. Can you suggest any other basic kitchen skills I should learn before applying?

Best answer:

Answer by Sofiester

Americano: A single shot of espresso with about 7 ounces of hot water added to the mix. The name for this coffee drink stemmed from an insult to ‘uncouth’ Americans who weren’t up to drinking full espressos.

A Shot in the Dark: See ‘Hammerhead’.

Black coffee: A drip brew, percolated or French press style coffee served straight, with no milk.

Cafe au Lait: Similar to Caffe Latte, except that an au lait is made with brewed coffee instead of espresso. Additionally, the ratio of milk to coffee is 1:1, making for a much less intense taste.

Cafe Breva: A cappuccino made with half and half milk, instead of whole milk. The theory is that the mix gives a richer, creamier flavor. You should be aware, before trying this for yourself, that half and half is much harder to foam.

Caffe Latte: Essentially, a single shot of espresso in steamed (not frothed) milk. The ratio of milk to coffee should be about 3:1, but you should be aware that latte in Italian means ‘milk’, so be careful ordering one when in Rome.

Cafe Macchiato: A shot of espresso with steamed milk added. The ratio of coffee to milk is approximately 4:1.

Cappuccino: Usually equal parts espresso, steamed milk, and frothed milk, often with cinnamon or flaked chocolate sprinkled on top. Some coffee shops will add more milk than that so that the customer will get a bigger drink out of the deal, but that makes the coffee itself far weaker. Click here for how to make Cappuccino

Double, or Double Shot: Just as it sounds, this is two shots of espresso mixed in with the regular amount of additional ingredients. So, for example, if you were going to make a double hammerhead, you would put two shots of espresso into a coffee cup, and fill it with the drip blend, rather than the usual single espresso shot.

Dry Cappuccino: A regular cappuccino, only with a smaller amount of foam, and no steamed milk at all.

This is my other set

1. Decaffeinated Coffee

Decaffeinated looks and tastes just like caffeinated with most of the caffeine has been removed. Keep in mind the keyword here is ‘most’, as there is a little bit of caffeine in decaffeinated . So, if you have to restrict caffeine for health reasons, make sure you don’t drink too much decaffeinated as it can still cause harm in large doses.

2. Iced Coffee

It doesn’t always have to be warm for you to enjoy it. With the prevalence of iced , the coffee lovers can satisfy their thirst while indulging in their favorite cup of java.

Of course, it should be noted that iced coffee usually come in the form of a syrup. This is not to say that you can’t drink brewed or instant after it is chilled, but it will lose some of its flavor.

3. Gourmet or Flavored Coffee

There are two schools of thought behind gourmet or flavored kinds. Some people associate gourmet with the beans, while others consider the flavored to be in this category. But in actuality, many gourmet coffees use flavorings in conjunction with high-quality premium beans. So, when you take a sip, you become intoxicated with the best kind of coffee in the world.

4. Instant Coffee

What happens if you try to create brewed it in the microwave? Most likely, the resulting coffee would be way too strong to drink. You may even get sick because of the concentrated amount of caffeine.

That’s where instant comes in. With instant , a coffee maker is not required for your java. All you have to do is add boiling water, and within seconds, you have coffee that is ready to drink. Of course, be aware that instant is still very strong, even if it was designed for the microwave. So, definitely drink a lesser amount, particularly if you are sensitive to caffeine.


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