Types of Coffee Beans

Types of Coffee Beans

When describing coffee, the word “popular” is an understatement. It doesn’t give justice to this drink that is almost considered elixir of life. Coffee is renowned around the world and is sold in a variety of different styles, taste and brands. Despite all of the diversities, it all boils down to only two main species of coffee bean: the Arabica coffee beans and Robusta coffee beans. The flavor of the beans is determined by where they are from and how they are prepared.

types of coffee beans

while there are 2 main types of coffee beans, there are many grades of quality

The Arabica is the type most commonly used. As a matter of fact, three out of every four cups of coffee are of Arabica coffee beans. Among the two, this particular type of beans is considered to be the better bean one because it explodes with more flavors. Most Arabica beans are grown in Central and South America, as well as Africa, but it doesn’t mean that it can’t be grown elsewhere. This is the species of coffee bean that is a staple in the coffee shops and home coffee makers.

Robusta, or also known as Coffee Canephora, is usually used in espresso blends. It has a high concentration of caffeine and robust body. Robusta coffee is considered a lower grade of coffee since it is typically grown at lower elevations. Generally, its trees are easier to grow and take less trouble to maintain. In addition, the trees are more resistant to disease and produce a higher yield.

How do Types of Coffee Impact Taste?

If you are willing to compromise with the flavor, then Robusta can be your go-to coffee. The highest grade Robusta would pretty much be at the same level with only a low grade Arabica. If you want a cup bursting with flavors, Arabica beans are your best bet.

When we talk about where coffees are grown, ones that are from Arabia and Africa are sweet with an acidity that is rather sparkling, and with a fruity aroma. It has a good balance of body and acidity. Body, by the way, is the feel of the coffee on your tongue while acidity is the sharpness to the front of the mouth and dryness at the back of the mouth and under the edges of the tongue.

American coffees, on the other hand, are typically light to medium-bodied with lively acidity and have sweet and clean finish in the mouth.

While Asian, Indonesian, and Pacific coffees are full-bodied and have a lower acidity and with earthy and nutty finish to it. They are often used by some of the most established selling coffee blends.

There is no need for you to be intimidated by the options, though. Each one of us has our own unique preference in taste. Experience every type of coffee bean possible, and you might just find the one you can call your favorite.